While growing a thick, luscious healthy lawn may seem effortless, there’s a lot that goes on behind the scenes. Homeowners must ensure they choose suitable grass for their lawns based on various factors, including the amount of sun the yard gets, the type of soil, the local climate, and more.
- Growing grass in clay soil may be possible with appropriate preparation and selected grasses types.
- Core aeration is often necessary to ensure proper drainage and oxygen levels to support soil growth.
- Popular choices of grass for heavy clay soils include Tall Fescue, Zoysia, Bermuda, and Buffalo grass.
So, growing a lawn your neighbors will be envious of is trickier than some might think. As you prepare to plant your new lawn, you might discover your yard consists of dense, compacted clay soil. Now what? The soil seems as though it could kill any plant that attempts to establish itself, so how will your grass survive?
Luckily, lawn grasses can survive in clay soil, but you’ll need to make a few soil amendments. This article reviews what it takes to grass in clay soil, so stick around to learn more!
The Problem With Clay Soil
While growing plants and grasses in a ground filled with clay soil is doable, it can be tricky. Clay soil is tougher to work with, as it’s dense and heavy. When you try to work with it, you’ll usually notice one of two things. If it’s too dry, tilling or digging into the soil will feel like trying to break into concrete.
But if the soil is too wet, it’ll become sticky and muddy, creating a mess that feels impossible to work with. The culprit behind these issues stems from the clay content. Clay soils have tiny particles and an extremely high Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC). While this is good, as it means these soils hold nutrients incredibly well, it can be a drawback.
Clay soils are prone to compaction, creating dense, heavy soils without many air pockets. In addition, they usually take longer to warm up when the temperatures climb in spring. Given the inherent nature of clay soils, it’s essential to understand these problems and how to work around them.
You’ll want to prepare the soil to ensure there’s plenty of oxygen for the plant roots to survive. With an understanding of clay soil and the plants that thrive in it, you can plant and maintain a beautiful green lawn.
What Grass Grows Best In Clay Soil?
The best type of grass for your lawn hinges on where you live and the soil you have. On top of that, the amount of sunshine or shade your lawn gets can be the difference between a lawn that flourishes and one that fails.
Generally, grasses like tall fescue, Zoysia, Bermuda, and buffalo grass are solid choices for clay soils. These grasses develop deep, robust root systems that support healthy, lush growth, even in clay soil. Of course, the best fit varies based on your climate, so it might vary based on factors specific to your situation.
Before you pick a grass variety for your lawn and its clay soil, research the grasses that thrive in your area. If you’re unsure which option to choose, consult a local lawn professional for assistance. They can offer personalized input based on factors specific to your lawn and climate, which is critical for a flourishing lawn.
How Can I Get Grass To Grow In Clay Soil?
Once you confirm you have clay soil, there are a few things you’ll need to do to ensure the grass flourishes upon planting. Here are a few critical parts of amending the soil, planting, and aftercare that will help ensure your lawn grows in beautifully (even though you have clay soil):
Improve The Soil
Preparation is the key to growing grass in clay soils. If you sprinkle grass seed on compacted clay soil without any other effort, you probably won’t get the results you expect. To ensure the best results, you need to follow the proper steps to improve the quality of your soil.
While you might be tempted to add wood chips or sand to improve aeration in the soil, avoid doing this. Clay and sand don’t mix well, and wood chips pull nitrogen out of the soil as they break down. Neither of these works well in your favor, so avoid doing this.
Instead, tackle the poor drainage problem with a different approach. Core aeration can help address the issue, but given the compaction that usually plagues this soil, it won’t add the aeration necessary to support the entire lawn.
Liquid aeration can help loosen up clay soil, and it usually works better for clay soils than core aeration. Instead of requiring you to remove plugs from your lawn, liquid aeration is a liquid you use to loosen the soil. The solution loosens the soil by breaking up dense clumps of clay, ensuring water and nutrients can penetrate deeper into the soil.
Alternatively, materials like organic compost, composted leaves, and gypsum can help improve the overall structure of heavy clay. These materials aid in relieving compaction and drainage issues, which helps promote healthy grass growth.
Before you add organic materials to the soil, it’s best to do a soil test to determine how much organic matter to add. For the most part, you should add approximately three to six inches of organic matter to the soil. Work it down into the top 10 to 12 inches of soil, as this is usually where the grass roots grow, so they’ll need plenty of nutrients, oxygen, and water.
In the following years, add one to three inches of organic mulch each year to improve the soil quality over time. As the material breaks down, it’ll slowly improve the quality of the soil.
If the prospect of testing and adjusting your soil sounds daunting, you can always hire a lawn professional to handle the process for you. In some cases, this might be the best route, as revamping clay soil in preparation for grass seed is an involved process.
Choose The Right Grass Variety
Once your clay soil is amended and ready for planting, you’ll need to choose the correct grass variety. As mentioned, choosing the wrong grass can lead to unsavory results. For example, a cool season grass is unlikely to thrive if you live in a warm climate, like the deep south. You’ll probably end up with a wilted, scorched lawn (if it even grows).
Conversely, choosing warm-season grass for a cool, northern climate won’t work well. If you live in the transitional zone of the United States, warm and cool season grasses may work. However, the perfect grass variety is highly dependent on your location, so ensure you choose a good fit based on the climate.
In addition, consider factors like the amount of sun/shade your lawn gets and the soil type. In this case, you should research what grasses work best for clay soils in your area. Some of these grasses might be more sun tolerant than shade tolerant, while others might be fine with either, so pay attention to this aspect, too.
Follow The Proper Planting Steps
When you’re ready to plant, be sure to follow the correct steps for planting your grass seed.
Inconsistent planting can lead to a patchy lawn, so ensure you use tools and techniques to spread the grass seed over the prepared surface evenly. A seed spreader can be the perfect tool to ensure even distribution, but make sure you use the proper setting according to the label on the grass seed.
Once you plant the seed, you’ll need to cover them with a small amount of soil. This will help prevent the grass seeds from fluttering away in the wind, as they’re incredibly light. With a layer of soil to protect them, they’ll stay in place and have a better chance of germination and healthy growth.
Next, water in the seeds. In the following days and weeks, water frequently to keep the soil moist for germination.
Complete Routine Care
Once the grass seed is planted, care in the following weeks is critical. Ideally, you should stay off the freshly-planted grass, especially since you have clay soil. Compaction due to stepping on the lawn can cause issues with healthy growth, so keep kids and pets off the grass while it grows.
Water the grass frequently, as the seeds need to remain moist but not waterlogged for germination. Once the grass is about one inch in height, cut back on watering to once a day.
Keep weeds at bay with pesticides if they become a problem. When the grass reaches about 2 ½ to 3 inches in height, you can start mowing it. Never take more than ⅓ of the total height at once, as this can cause shock in the grass. Once you’ve mown three times, shift to a routine regular watering schedule, ensuring the lawn gets at least one inch of water per week.
Of course, you might need to adjust watering frequency and amounts based on climate, temperature, and weather. For example, if it rains heavily, you won’t need to water as much that week. Or, if your area goes through a hot spell or a drought, your grass will need extra water to survive.
Once your lawn fills in, you might notice patchy spots you missed during seeding. At this point, you can overseed the lawn to fill in those patches, as this will create a fuller, more lush lawn.